How do we approach the teaching of cognition and metacognition?

At Trinity St Peter's we define cognition as: 

Cognition refers to the process of thinking. It is the mental process involved in knowing, learning and understanding things.  Metacognition as cogntion about cognition; thinking about thinking.

We use the following tools to further develop children's thinking:

4C Thinking Model ensures logical, creative, critical and reflective thinking is embedded across the curriculum and across the school

Thinking Hats help us think about our learning. The 6 Thinking Hats each represent a different type of Thinking. They are used in lessons to encourage students to think beyond their own perspective and holistically respond to situations rather than only using one type of thinking.

Thinking Maps help us visualise our thinking. There are eight maps, each representing a fundamental cognitive skill such as comparing, contrasting, sequencing, and cause and effect reasoning. The maps are displayed in all classrooms as a quick reference for pupils.

Big Question is a class thinking together to increase their understanding and appreciation of the world around them and of each other.  Every Wednesday morning each class explores big questions about life so to develop pupils' understanding of disadvantage, deprivation and the exploitation of the natural world.

Kagan is an approach we use which aims to organise classroom activities into academic and social learning experiences. Class teachers incorporate Kagan teaching structures within their lesson planning in order to improve engagement and maximise participation within lessons. Kagan is used by teachers as a structured approach to cooperative learning and is an additional opportunity to assess children’s social skills with their peers such as turn taking, listening to others and sharing information.


Growth Mindset is an attitude we encourage at Trinity St Peter's. We want all our pupils to relish challenges, embrace their mistakes as part of the learning process, value the importance of effort, respond carefully to feedback and take inspiration from others. This will help them to achieve, not only with us, but also in their future lives as adults. Having a growth mindset is a key priority at Trinity St Peter's, linking strongly with our school value of 'Hope.'


For further information, please watch the following videos: 

Developing a Growth Mindset - Carol Dweck

A Study on Praise and Mindsets - Carol Dweck

Growth Mindsets for Students - Class Dojo


Mindfulness is the ability to focus on what is happening at any given moment, rather than worrying about what has happened or what might happen. Jon Kabat-Zinn, whose work has contributed to a growing movement of mindfulness, has described this skill as a type of awareness that arises when we are purposefully paying attention a moment at a time, without making judgement. He described mindfulness as ‘being alive and knowing it’. Mindfulness activities can help to develop early habits of mind. Mindfulness in education has proven to develop attention and learning, help to regulate emotions and support children with their readiness to learn. Mindfulness does not come easily; the mind often wonders, but with practice, children become more able to focus their attention. 

At Trinity St. Peter’s, we believe that the practice of mindfulness helps us to:

• notice what is happening • draw our attention to our breathing • create an awareness of physical sensations • think about our thoughts and emotions • appreciate everyday activities, such as walking.

We complete mindfulness activities each day including the mindful mile. 


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